Wool Facts

   

Lufina Wovens loves wool, all types of wool and we want you to know why. The products we offer display all of the highlighted benefits listed below and for those looking for more detail, more information is included as well!

The Benefits of Wool:

    • Wrinkle Resistant - wool springs back quickly
    • Resists Soiling - because the fiber is complex
    • High Durability - multi-part fiber resists wear
    • Repels Moisture - fiber sheds water
    • Retains Shape - resilient fibers return to size
    • Flame Resistant - fibers will not support combustion
    • Provides All Season Comfort - keeps layer of air next to the skin

Lambswool Defined

In order to be classified as lamb’s wool, and later just plain Lambswool, wool fibers must be shorter than 50mm and taken from the first shearing of the young animal. This first shearing typically occurs around the lamb’s age of seven months. Lambswool is fine and soft, requires minimal processing and is in great demand for everything from clothing to the fine blankets and throws curated by the folks at Lufina Wovens.

The following is exerpted from the “American Sheep Industry Association’s Fast Facts”:

Wool Offers Comfort Year Round

Wool is comfortable year round because it is an absorbent fiber that helps regulate body temperature. When the air is cool and damp, wool absorbs moisture and keeps a layer of dry, insulating air next to the skin. On the other hand, when it is warm, that same absorption capacity takes up perspiration, allowing the body’s natural cooling system to work better. Fine wool products are very comfortable next to the skin as is the case for wool blankets and throws.

Wool is a hygroscopic fiber; it takes up moisture in vapor form. Tiny pores in the epicuticle make the fiber semi-permeable, allowing vapor to pass through to the heart of the fiber. Wool can easily absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling damp or clammy.

The capacity to absorb makes wool a “temperature regulator” because it can protect the body in both cold and warm conditions. Wool always absorbs moisture from the atmosphere of greater humidity and releases it to the drier environment as it creates a balance in moisture conditions. This characteristic makes wool a versatile all-season fabric.

Wool Is Durable And Resilient

Each wool fiber is a molecular coiled spring making the fiber remarkably elastic. Nature has folded the chemical polypeptide chains back upon themselves in such a way that they act like a coiled spring that elongates when it is extended and retracts when it is released. This molecular crimp, along with the 3-dimensional fiber, allows wool fibers to be stretched up to 50% when wet and 30% when dry, and still bounce back to their original shape when stress is released.

But care is required when wool is wet as the fibers are weaker. Wool’s recovery from stress takes place faster when the fiber is in a humid environment; that’s why steaming a wool garment will freshen the fabric and why a steam iron is recommended for pressing wool.

The flexibility of the wool fiber also makes it more durable. A wool fiber can be bent back on itself more than 20,000 times without breaking, compared to about 3,000 times for cotton and 2,000 times for silk. The natural elasticity of wool also makes woolen fabrics resistant to tearing. In addition, the outer skin of the wool fiber acts as a protective film, giving wool cloth improved resistance to abrasion.

Wool is Sustainable

Wool is a natural, renewable fiber that offers a ‘green’ fabric choice. Wool is also biodegradable making it an eco-friendly product.

Wool Fabrics Protect

Wool is the only fiber that natural- ly resists flaming. Unlike most artificial fibers, which often melt and stick to the skin when on fire, wool usually only smolders or chars. Although it will burn under intense fire, it normally self- extinguishes when the flame source is removed.

Wool Can Be Washable 

The process that allows wool products to be machine washed and dried without shrinking is available in the United States and offers great versatility for garments made of wool. This wool also meets the “Total Easy Care” standards for consumers. However, careful reading of the a product's care recommendations is always suggested before cleaning.

Wool Products Are A Great Investment

Since wool fibers resist pilling, snagging and breaking, wool products typically outlast synthetics. Wool is color fast resulting in products that retain their deep, rich color without fading. Furthermore, since wool fibers are naturally elastic, wool products don’t wrinkle, bag or sag out of shape. 

Spot Removal Tips for Wool Fabrics

    • Alcohol or Food: Place towel under area. Gently rub carbonated water toward center of spot.
    • Blood: Pat with a damp sponge to remove excess. Then dab very gently with undiluted vinegar followed by cold water.
    • Coffee or Tea: Sponge with glycerin. If not available, use cold water.
    • Red Wine or Ink: Immerse in cold water.
    • Lipstick: Gently rub with white bread.